New GMOs (NGTs)

New techniques in biotechnology
Commission proposal on plants obtained by certain new genomic techniques

Frequently Asked Questions: Proposal on New Genomic Techniques

European Parliament Legislative Observatory
2023/0226(COD) Plants obtained by certain new genomic techniques and their food and feed

MEP Watch
2024-02-07 week 06 A9-0014/2024
Plants obtained by certain new genomic techniques and their food and feed Jessica Polfjärd

REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on plants obtained by certain new genomic techniques and their food and feed, and amending Regulation (EU) 2017/625 29.1.2024 - (COM(2023)0411 – C9‑0238/2023 – 2023/0226(COD)) - ***I Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Rapporteur: Jessica Polfjärd

New Genomic Techniques: MEPs back rules to support green transition of farmers
Press Releases PLENARY SESSION ENVI 07-02-2024

REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on plants obtained by certain new genomic techniques and their food and feed, and amending Regulation (EU) 2017/625
Reference :Date :29-01-2024

Committee on Environment, Food Safety and Public Health Result of votes and roll-call votes
24 January 2024

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on plants obtained by certain new genomic techniques and their food and feed, and amending Regulation (EU) 2017/625 - General approach
2023 December 7

Remarks by Commissioner Stella Kyriakides at the Agrifish Council - New Genomic Techniques
2023 July 25 Speech

BRIEFING EU Legislation in Progress EPRS | European Parliamentary Research Service Author: Ivana Katsarova Members' Research Service PE 754.549 – October 2023 Plants produced by new genomic techniques

Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on plants obtained by certain new genomic techniques and their food and feed, and amending Regulation (EU) 2017/625 
Brussels, 5.7.2023 COM(2023) 411 final 2023/0226 (COD) 

Legislation for plants produced by certain new genomic techniques
(Feedback period 24 September 2021 - 22 October 2021)

EC study on new genomic techniques (29 April 2021)

Biotechnologies: Commission seeks open debate on New Genomic Techniques as study shows potential for sustainable agriculture and need for new policy (29 April 2021)

New genomic techniques: where do we stand?
The JRC contributed to a new study published today by the Commission on the status of new genomic techniques under Union law. (2021 April 21)

Farm to Fork: Commission seeks views on New Genomic Techniques (2021 April 29)

Current and future market applications of new genomic techniques

New detection methods on products derived from new genomic techniques for traceability, transparency and innovation in the food system (HORIZON-CL6-2023-FARM2FORK-01-11)

Horizon Europe Brokerage Events 2023 - Event 5: New genomic techniques in the food system


Relevant European Institutions

European Court of Justice Ruling on genome editing

Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety:

Genetically Modified Organisms
GMO authorisation
GMO register
GMO search: Community register of GM food and feed 
Evaluation of GMO legislation 
New techniques in biotechnology
EC study on new genomic techniques
Questions and Answers: Study on New Genomic Techniques
Implementation of the Transparency Regulation

(Above links are updated January 2022)

GMO field trials: Anyone intending to introduce GMOs into the environment for experimental purposes must first get authorisation from the relevant national authority in the country where the release is planned.

JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE - The European Commission's in-house science service

Deliberate Release and Placing on the EU Market of GMOs - GMO Register

Constantly updated Overview on GMO field trials in all EU member states (plants)
Gives you a quick and rather up to date overview on deliberate releases of GMOs in all member states, which must all be notified to the EU, including short description of who does it where and why.

GMOs: The number of genetically modified crops and the area cultivated with them are steadily increasing worldwide. In the EU, only one GM maize is currently cultivated but many other GMO crops are authorised for food and feed use. However, products derived from or containing GMOs are strictly controlled with a zero tolerance for unauthorised GMOs. 

GMO authorisations for cultivation: The process for authorisation of cultivation of GMOs in the EU takes place under Directive 2001/18/EC or Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 (if the scope covers also food and feed).

GMO Authorisation: Applicants can apply for GMO authorisations by submitting a dossier with experimental data and a risk assessment.

GMO authorisations for food and feed
The process for authorisation of GM for food and feed in the EU takes place under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003.

Traceability and labelling
Traceability enables tracking GMOs and GM food/feed products at all stages of the supply chain. Traceability also makes labelling of all GMOs and GM food/feed products possible. It allows for close monitoring of potential effects on the environment and on health. Where necessary it can allow the withdrawal of products if an unexpected risk to human health or to the environment is detected.

GMOs Reports and studies by European Commission

Reference materials for GMO analysis: The use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as food/feed needs to be authorised in Europe. Food/feed products containing more than 0.9% of GMOs have to be labelled (Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003) This labelling threshold applies for adventiously added GMOs, while GMOs added on purpose always need to be labelled. GMOs for which an authorisation procedure is pending or for which the authorisation has expired are allowed in European feed products up to a level of 0.1% (Regulation (EC) No 619/2011)

The JRC has also co-ordinated the study Scenarios for co-existence of genetically modified, conventional and organic crops in European agriculture (JRC May 2002) and continous this work with new studies: A Descriptive Analysis of Conventional, Organic and GM Crop and Certified Seed Production in the EU, 2008

ENGL and EURL – Two European partners in GMO detection
The European Network of GMO Laboratories (ENGL) plays an eminent role in the development, harmonisation and standardisation of means and methods for sampling, detection, identification and quantification of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) in a wide variety of products, ranging from seeds, grains, to food and feed stuff. The network was inaugurated in Brussels on December 4th 2002 and it currently consists of 96 national enforcement laboratories, from all 27 EU Member States plus Norway, Switzerland and Turkey.

Directorate General on Health and Food Safety
The DG SANTE (Health & Food Safety) is the principal responsible for the safety, risk assessment and approval of GMOs within the European Union. It is headed by Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis (2014-2019).
GMO page of DG SANTE

Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health
New Standing Committee Structure
Following the adoption of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January2002 setting out the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety, the regulatory committees consisting of representatives of the Member States that have a key role in decision-making on food safety issues were reorganised within a single new structure, the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health.
Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed: Genetically Modified Food and Feed and Environmental Risk

GMO Register: This search engine covers the EU register of GM food and feed (Regulation (EC) 1829/2003) and the GM products withdrawn from the market.

European Food Safety Authority EFSA
The primary responsibility of the Authority, which was established in 2002, is to provide scientific advice on all matters with a direct or indirect impact on food safety. The Authority will carry out assessments of risks to the food chain and indeed can carry out scientific assessment on any matter that may have a direct or indirect effect on the safety of the food supply, including matters relating to animal health, animal welfare and plant health. It will co-ordinate the assessment and approval procedure for new GMOs under the Food and Feed Regulation.
EFSA Panel on genetically modified organisms and its members

Advisory groups on the food chain
A group bringing together notably consumers, the food industry, retailers and farmers is being created to facilitate consultation and dialogue between the European Commission and European organisations on food safety policy.
National consumer organisations: Involving national consumer organisations in EU policy-making is important in producing better and more effective consumer protection legislation.

Directorate General on Research
The DG Research promotes Biotechnology research and in particular genetic engineering in agriculture. While it has no institutional role in the implementation of GMO legislation it is responsible for the funding of GMO research and PR and runs a promotional web-site on the issue.
Bioeconomy / Biotechnology

European Environment Agency, EEA
The EEA plays no institutional role in the regulation of GMO, but has conducted two important environmental assessment studies.
Genetically modified organisms: The significance of gene flow through pollen transfer /March 2002)
Environmental assessment report No 2 (1999)
Chapter on GMOs
Chemicals and GMO's

Co-Extra was an EU funded project of public and private sector scientists and PR agencies with the aim of introducing GMOs into European agriculture. It focusses on co-existence and traceability issues and the promotion of GMOs. It's web-site contains an overview by country, a list of events and scientific research programmes as well as regulatory news.
Final Report - CO-EXTRA (GM and non-GM supply chains: their co-existence and traceability)

Former Scientific Committees on Food Safety
In 2003 the 5 scientific committees giving the Commission scientific advice on food safety were transferred to the European Food Safety Authority as well as the Scientific Steering Committee's responsibilities on scientific advice on BSE/TSE.